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NICKEL

Nickel is the chemical element with atomic number 28. Its symbol is Ni.

Characteristics:

Nickel is a silver-white metal. It belongs to iron group, it is hard, malleable and ductile. It is a fairly good conductor of heat and electricity.

Applications:

About 65 % of the nickel consumed in the Western World is used to make stainless steel. 12 % of all the nickel consumed goes into superalloys. The remaining 23% of consumption is divided between alloy steels, rechargeable batteries, catalysts and other chemicals, coinage, foundry products, and plating.
 

Types of Nickel
 

nickel chloride


nickel oxide


Nickel Acetate

It is mainly used as catalyst in the catalytic hydrogenation reactions.

 

Nickel Chloride

Important element in many electroplating treatments. Raw material for the preparation of nickel hydroxicarbonate and nickel metal.


Nickel Phosphate

A light-green powder; soluble in acids and ammonium hydroxide, insoluble in water; used for electroplating and production of yellow nickel

 

Nickel Hydroxicarbonate

It is used as chemical intermediate for the production of nickel oxide, nickel powder, nickel catalysts for electrical components. For water treatment. In glass industry for producing colored glass and pigments, as neutralizing agent in the solutions for nickel electroplating.

 

Nickel  Hydroxide

Green powder soluble in acids but not in water. It is mainly used in the preparation of other nickel salts and in the production of Ni batteries using nickel electrodes.

 

Nickel Nitrate

Hexahydrate, green crystals. It is used in nickel plating and brown colors for the ceramic industrry

 

Nickel Oxide

It is widely used for coloring in yellow-brown glaze ceramics and glass in addition, by reduction or oxidation, is used to prepare catalysts. It is obtained by calcination in air of various nickel salts particularly nitrate and carbonate. It is also used in the preparation of ferrous and nonferrous alloys. Production of nickel-containing enamel frits and pigments

 

Nickel Sulphate

It is mainly used in electroless plating and, as a raw material in the production of other salts and nickel catalysts for hydrogenation of fats.
 

 



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